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 هام جدا كل قواعد الانجليزي

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كاتب الموضوعرسالة
mnbvc159
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عدد المساهمات: 4
تاريخ التسجيل: 20/04/2010

مُساهمةموضوع: هام جدا كل قواعد الانجليزي   الثلاثاء أبريل 20, 2010 11:32 am

شرح كل قواعد الانجليزي والكامات ومعانيها ومفرداتها وكل ما تحتاجه هنا فقط لكن لاتنسوني من الردود
111




لكلمات و معانيها


Meaning / المعنى
Word / الكلمة
destroy damage
essential necessary / important
waste rubbish
lovely beautiful
garden park
protect save
fetch go and bring
carry on continue
of course certainly / for sure
kid child
elderly old people
disaster catastrophe
opinion point of view
educate teach
perfect complete
problem trouble
run away escape
even though although
upset sad
regards wishes
looking forward to eager
at last finally
rude impolite
ages ago a long time ago
at first at the beginning
getting bigger growing
recover get well
development improvement
include contain
look after care for

الكلمات وعكسها

Opposite / العكس Word / الكلمة
destroy Create
breathe in breathe out
melt freeze
safe dangerous
friend enemy
dishonest honest
turn on Turn off
repair break
earlier later
behind in front of
duty right
a few many
closer further
little much
noisily quietly
spend money save money
agree disagree / refuse
carry on stop
kids elderly / adults
voluntary compulsory
elderly young people
carry on stop
cheer up get down
depressed cheerful
well badly
negative positive
rude polite
artificial Natural
able unable
possible
impossible

الصفات والأسماء
Noun Adjective
freedom free
science scientific
culture cultural
medicine medical
health healthy
disability disabled
success successful








Verb Noun
organize organization
construct construction
educate education
agree agreement
ignore ignorance
explain explanation
operate operation
الأسماء والأفعال









Conjugation of common Irregular verbs
تصريفات الأفعال الشاذة الشائعة
become يصبح became Become
Begin يبدأ Began Begun
Blow يهب- يعصف Blew Blown
Break يكسر – يتكسر Broke Broken
Bring يحضر Brought Brought
Build يبني Built Built
Buy يشتري Bought Bought
Choose يختار Chose Chosen
Come يأتي Came Come
Dig يحفر Dug Dug
Do يفعل Did Done
Draw يرسم- يجر Drew Drawn
Drink يشرب Drank Drunk

Drive يقود- يدفع Drove Driven
Eat يأكل Ate Eaten
Fall يسقط – يقع Fell Fallen
Feed يطعم- يغذي fed Fed
Feel يشعر Felt Felt
Fight يحارب fought Fought
Find يجد found Found
Fly يطير flew Flown
Forget ينسى forgot Forgotten
Forgive يعفو عن forgave Forgiven
Freeze يتجمد froze Frozen
Get يحصل على got Got
Give يعطي gave Given
Go يذهب went Gone
Grow ينمو-يزرع-يصبح grew Grown
Hear يسمع heard Heard
Hide يخفي- يختبئ hid Hidden
Hit يضرب hit Hit
Hold يمسك held Held
Hurt يؤذي- يضر hurt Hurt
Keep يحفظ- يحتفظ بـ kept Kept
Know يعرف knew Known
Lead يقود led Led
Learn يتعلم Learnt Learnt
Leave يترك Left Left
Lend يقرض Lent Lent
Lose يفقد Lost Lost
Make يصنع- يجعل Made Made
Mean يعني Meant Meant
Meet يقابل Met Met
Pay يدفع Paid Paid
Put يضع Put Put
Read يقرأ Read Read
Ride يركب rode Ridden
Ring يدق rang Rung
Rise ينهض- يشرق rose Risen
Run يجري ran Run
saw يقطع بمنشار sawed Sawn
Say يقول said Said
See يرى Saw Seen
Sell يبيع Sold Sold
Send يرسل Sent Sent
Set يغرب- يضع Set Set
Sew يخيط – يحيك Sewed Sewn
Shake يهز Shook Shaken
Shine يلمع Shone Shone
Show يرى Showed Shown
Shrink ينكمش Shrank Shrunk
Sing يغني Sang Sung
Sink يغرق Sank Sunk
Sit يجلس Sat Sat
Sleep ينام Slept Slept
Smell يشم-يعطي رائحة Smelt Smelt
Sow يبذر Sowed Sown
Speak يتكلم Spoke Spoken
Spend يقضي- يصرف Spent Spent
Sweep يكنس Swept Swept
Swim يسبح Swam Swum
Take يأخذ Took Taken
Teach يعلم Taught Taught
Tell يخبر Told Told
Think يفكر – يعتقد Thought Thought
Throw يلقي Threw Thrown
Understand يفهم Understood Understood
Wear يرتدي Wore Worn
Win يكسب Won Won
write يكتب wrote Written


الوحدة التاسعة

meaning word
مقعد خشبي طويل bench
سياج fence
عشب grass
ورقة شجر leaf
مكسور مكسور

ذو رائحة كريهة ذو رائحة كريهة
لافتة notice
جزء part
ضروري essential
دورة الكربون Carbon cycle
شركاء partners
يستنشق Breathe in
يزفر Breathe out
يأخذ Take in
يخرج Give out
يحلل Break down
ينتج produce
توازن balance
يدمر destroy
الغابات الماطرة rainforests
يذوب melt
منقرض extinct
موطن / مسكن habitat

Will / going to

Will / تعني سوف

تستخدم للقرار السريع
I will visit you
أنا سوف أزورك

تستخدم للوعد
هI will come on the right time
أنا سوف ائتي في الوقت الصحيح

العرض
I will carry these bags for you
أنا سوف احمل هذه الحقائب لك

ملاحظة / بعد will الفعل يأتي مصدر ( تصريف أول مجرد )

Going to / تعني سوف
تستخدم في التخطيط للمستقبل
يأتي قبلها ( am / is / are )
Am ------- I
Is ------he – she – it
Are ------ you – we – they

يأتي بعدها مصدر ( تصريف أول مجرد )

I am going to visit my friend this evening

Conditionals
حالات قاعدة if
If / تعني إذا أو لو

Type 0

If + Present Simple, Present Simple
مضارع بسيط , مضارع بسيط If +
تستخدم هذه الحالة في القوانين والقواعد
If you cool water , it turns into ice
ملاحظة / يمكن استخدام when مكان if

Type 1

If + Present Simple, will + infinitive
مصدر ( تصريف أول مجرد ) + will , مضارع بسيط if
هذه الحالة تستخدم في التنبؤ بالمستقبل
If he studies hard, he will succeed.

Correct the verbs between brackets.

When you heat water, it --------------- (turn) into gas.
If you sleep early, you ------------ (get up) early.
If we don't work together, we ------------- ( be ) weak
When plant life takes in CO2, it --------------- (give out) O2.
If I find a treasure, I ------------- (give) you half of it.
If man keeps cutting trees, nearly all the forests -------------------- (disappear) by 2050.
When you throw a stone in the air, it -------------- (go) back to the earth.
If you cool water vapour, it --------( change) into water

Finish the following sentences with words from the list.

part – smelly – fence – grass – benches – leaves – notice – broken
In the park, some people sit on ---------------, but others prefer to sit in the shade of trees.
Lions eat meat, but cows eat ------------------.
In autumn, ------------------ fall from trees.
The farmer made a--------------- around his farm to keep the wild animals away.
You are not allowed to smoke here. Look that -----------says, "No smoking".
I'm going to throw this food away. It's gone bad and it's ----------------.
If you walk on --------------- glass, you will hurt your feet.
Trees are a very important ---------------------of life on earth

الوحدة العاشرة

meaning word
مغلي boiled
مقلي fried
مشوي grilled
ني raw
حساء stew
القليل من A few
اقرب closer
واجب duty
زيت oil
غطاء lid
بقع / لطخ / وسخ stained
منظف cleaner
بصوت مزعج noisily
مادة خام material
يحمي protect
ينفجر explode
غير صادق dishonest
مسئول responsible
ينفق / يقضي spend
يوافق على Agree on

Countable
المعدود

وهو الأشياء التي يمكن عدها ووضع رقم لها مثل ( كرسي – طاولة – باب _ برتقال ....... )

Uncountable
الغير معدود

وهو الاشياء التى لا يمكن عدها ووضع رقم لها مثل ( الرمل _ الدم _ الماء – الوقود ....... )


Some
بعض
تستخدم مع * المعدود الجمع * غير المعدود
مثال
Some apples
Some apple juice
Any
اى
تستخدم مع * السؤال * النفي
Is there any olive oil ?
There isn’t any olive oil .

How much
كم كمية
تستخدم مع * الغير معدود
How much olive oil do you need

How many
كم عدد
تستخدم مع * المعدود
How many students are there in the class.


a few
القليل من
تستخدم مع المعدود
There are afew student in the class not many

a little
القليل من
تستخدم مع غير المعدود
There is a little water in the bottle not much

Type 2

If + Past simple, would + infinitive
مصدر + would " ماضي بسيط + if

تستخدم هذه الحالة للتخيلات والأشياء الغير حقيقية
If he studied hard, he would succeed

Put / is / are / some

There ..........just a tomato in the fridge
I need ……… eggs to make a cake
The apples on the tree……… still hard. we couldn’t eat them
We usually put ……….. Lemon juice on the salad.
Please go to the market and get me………carrots, and peas to make soup.
Spices and salt ………… very important to make food tasty.

Put many /much /a little / a few

Not many people were injured in the accident, just ………………..
I couldn’t buy this jacket, I don't have much money I have only………
How ………….parsons came to meeting?
The tea is very sweet, I think you’ve put too ……….sugar.
I visited Tasnim …………….times, but she visited me just twice.
How……….is your bag? It's 100 NIS.
Kareem is very thirsty but there's just …………..water in the bottle.
After the war there are only……. houses good for living in Zaitoun area.
He seems to be very rich, I think he earns too…………….. Money.

Correct the mistake:-

If Raghad invited us to her wedding party we (will) come
If Ahmed (ask) for help for sure we I would do.
If they (study) hard, they would pass the exam easily.
If wars (stop) ,people would live in peace
If (I'm) a millionaire I would build homes and hospitals for the poor

Finish : up / for / at / up/no preposition

Look ……. these flowers, how beautiful they are!!
You should go home and sleep, you ………………very tired.
I've lost my keys I'm going to look ………..them in the hall.
It's my duty to look ………… my younger sister when mum is out.
Can I use your dictionary to look ……….. some new vocabulary



Correct the verbs between brackets.

If you help me with the dishes I --------------- (help) you with your homework.
If I ----------------- (know) her name, I would tell you.
If you heat water, it ------------------ (turn) into gas.
If I ---------------- (be) you, I would tell my father.
If Mohammed -------------- (have) the money, he would buy the Mercedes.
If it ------------- (rain) I will stay at home.
If they --------------- (not pass) the exam, the teacher will be sad.
I ---------------- (call) you if she comes.
If I forgot my friend's birthday, she -------------- (be) upset.
If you have a rest, you ------------- (feel) better.
If you sleep early, you -------------- (get up) early.
If I found her address, I ------------ (send) her an invitation.
If I were you, I ------------------- (not do) this.
If you throw a stone in he air, it -------------- (go) back to the earth.
If we put a piece of wood in water, it ---------------- (float).
If we put a piece of ice in the air, it ------------------- (melt).
If a plant ------------- (take in) co2, it gives out o2.
If I became president, I ------------- (do) a lot for my country.
If I --------------- (win) a million dollars, I would stop teaching.

Finish: a few –duty –close –oil – lid –stain –noisily – dishonest

The exam was too difficult, just …………………….students could pass it.
It's …………to keep the money that you found in the street.
I always ask them to be quiet but they act …………………..
Tamara is my …………. friend I always tell her my secrets.
Using olive ………. for cooking is very healthy.
It's our ………………. to look after our parents when they are aged.
To keep food warm cover the pan with its …………
Children usually ……………….their clothes with chocolate.

Finish: agreed on – explode – spends – protect – responsible-cleaner s -manage -material

Adults are more ………………than teenagers.
Don’t touch that strange thing. It may ……………
Metal, glass .wood and cloth are all……………………
Osman loves reading. He ………………..most of his money on books and stories.
Mum ………………….. on my plan for my birthday party.
Chemical ………………sometimes cause serious problems to the skin.
The soldiers fight bravely to ………………. Their homeland.
This work is too hard for you but I'm sure you could ……………..as you are very active.


الوحدة 11

meaning word
يحضر fetch
طرق الباب knocked
أسلوب / طريق style
يتوقع expect
ينبه / يذكر reminds
شفقة / أسف pity
يدردش chat
يستمر Carry on
بالطبع Of course
أولاد kids
عاجز disabled
متطوع Volunteer
إضافي extra
كبار السن elderly
كارثة disaster
زلزال earthquake
منظمة organization
ضحايا victims
في رأيي In my opinion


Verb + two objects
فعل + مفعولين

to Gaza money Sent Ahmad
مفعول به ثاني ( غير مباشر ) مفعول به اول ( مباشر ) فعل فاعل
نستطيع ان نبدل بين المفعولين ولكن يجب ان نحذف to او for فتصبح الجملة
money Gaza sent Ahmad
نستطيع ان نضع مكان المفعول به الغير مباشر Gaza ضمير المفعول به فتصبح الجملة
money it Sent Ahmad

تحويل الضمائر في المفعول به الغير مباشر

اذا كان غير عاقل يحول الى it
اذا كان مؤنث يحول الى her
اذا كان مذكر يحول الى him
اذا كان جمع يحول الى them

Request
الطلب

كيف تعمل طلب في اللغة الانجليزية

الطلب يجب ان يبدأ ب could you وينتهي ب please
Could you ____________ , please ?
مثال
Could you pass me the cup , please ?

Accepting
قبول الطلب
* yes , of course
Yes , certainly
No , problem
Here you are
Refusing
الرفض
I am sorry I need it


Who / which
Who تعني الذي وتستخدم مع الاسم العاقل
Which تعني الذي وتستخدم مع الاسم الغير عاقل

يأتي سؤالها على شكلين

مثال
I met the teacher -------- learned me
( who – which – where )
هنا اخترنا who لان الاسم الذي قبل الفراغ اسم عاقل ) فاعل )

مثال
I bought the car . It was very fast. ( join )
هنا نلاحظ انه بين القوسين توجد كلمة اربط
عند الربط ننظر إلى الاسم الذي قبل النقطة في الجملة الأولى نلاحظ انه غير عاقل لذلك نربط باستخدام which عند الربط نحذف النقطة والضير ونضع مكانها which فتصبح الجملة
I bought the car which was very fast
.
That نستطيع أن نستخدمها بدلا من who / which اى تستخدم للعاقل وغير العاقل
مثال
I know the man that builds the house
I bought the car that was expensive

أما في حالة أن الاسم في الجملة الأولى كان مفعول به فنحذف الضمير الذي يعود عليه في الجملة الثانية وفي الغالب يكون الضمير الثاني

مثال
Ahmad was the person , I met him
نلاحظ أن قبل النقطة كلمة person وهى اسم عاقل تعود على Ahmad
إذن نبحث عن الضمير الذي يعود على Ahmad وهو him ونحذفه ونربط الجمل
فتصبح الجملة
Ahmad was the person who I met

Complete the following sentences with tag questions.

Palestine is in Asia, --------------------------?
My parents have been to Egypt. ------------------------------?
You mustn’t eat in the class, ----------------------------------?
I'm invited to your party, ----------------------------------------?
The students didn’t answer all the questions, -----------------------------?
Huda isn’t here, --------------------------?
My aunt doesn’t live in Ramallah, ------------------------?
Water changes into steam when it's very hot, ------------------------------?
We will help Ali, ----------------------------?
Doctors and nurses work in hospitals, -------------------------------------?

Join with who or which.

We should help people. They are poor.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
This is the woman. I met her in the clinic this morning.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
My children liked the pizza. I made it.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
The teacher liked the composition. I wrote it.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
I have a close friend. I love her very much.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Mrs. Hanan is the teacher. She teaches religion in our school.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Sami is a student. He studies Medicine in the Islamic University.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Who will win the million is a famous TV program. A lot of people watch it.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Malak bought a nice collection of flowers. She gave it to her mother.
-----------------------------------------------------------------

Finish the following sentences with words from the list.

Of course – knock – carry on – fetch – chat – expect – pity – style – reminds
You should -------------- on the door before you enter.
I have to --------------- my children from school everyday.
I ------------ that sally will win the match. She's doing very well.
The embroidered dress is a traditional Palestinian -----------
Mother always --------------- her kids to wash their hands before they eat.
It’s a -------------- that the Palestinian children are suffering and nobody cares.
I usually phone my best friend and we ------------ together
Reem intends to ----------------- her study after she finishes Tawjihi
Could you help me, please? Yes, -----------------.
Finish :
Opinion – kids – victims – disabled – organization – volunteered – disaster – elderly – voluntary – extra – earthquake

A lot of young people ---------- to help families whose houses were destroyed during the war.
----------- like sweets and chocolate
Kamal lost one of his legs because of the accident and now he is --------------------
When my children go on a trip with their school, they ask me for ---------------- money
You have the choice to do or not to do this work. Its ---------------
We should look after the ------------ people as they looked after us when we were young
The war against Gaza was a real -------------------
UNRWA is an international ------------------ that helps Palestinian refugees.
In my --------------, hard work leads to success
We need to help the earthquake ----------- quickly
الوحدة 12
meaning word
رعاية صحية Health care
خدمات اجتماعية Social services
تعليم education
عيادات clinics
الأمم المتحدة United Nations ( UN )
موظفين staff
متخصص dedicated
يقابل interview
مصور cameraman
بناء / تشيد construction
رسمي official
صداقة friendship
حقوق rights
حرية freedom
ينفذ Carry out
وكالة agency
تعليمي
educational
علمي scientific
ثقافي cultural
يعلم educate
تام / كامل perfect

Active and passive
المبني للمعلوم والمبني للمجهول

**عند التحويل من معلوم إلى مجهول يجب إتباع الأتي :

* تحديد الفاعل و الفعل والمفعول به
* تحديد زمن الفعل

1* إذا كان الفعل مضارع بسيط ( تصريف أول ) يأخذ is / are + 3
2* اذا كان الفعل ماضي بسيط ( تصريف ثاني ) يأخذ was / were + 3
3* اذا كان الفعل مضارع تام ( has / have + 3 ) يأخذ ( has / have + been + 3 )
*4اذا كان الفعل ماضي مستمر ( was / were + ing ) يأخذ ( was / were + being + 3 )
*5 اذا كان الفعل ماضي تام ( had + 3 ) يأخذ ( had + been + 3 )

* نضع المفعول به في اول الجملة
* نضع تركيبة الفعل كما هو موضح في النقاط السابقة
* ثم نضع الفاعل مسبوقا بكلمة by
مثال
Ahmad eats apples
مفعول به / فعل / فاعل
نلاحظ ان الفعل تصريف اول اذن يأخذ ( is / are + 3 )
is للمفرد are للجمع
نأتي بالمفعول به apples في بداية الجملة
نلاحظ ان المفعول به جمع اذن يأخذ are
ثم نضع التصريف الثالث من الفعل eat وهو eaten
فتصبح الجملة
Apples are eaten ( by Ahmad )

Finish :
camera man-health care – education –UN- clinic –staff –dedicated – interviews –freedom - social
Doctors are usually interested in ………………
The government should provide the people with good ………………… services
Rimal ………….is one of the most famous health centers in Gaza
The ministry of ………is going to build more schools as the number of students are increasing
The ……………..is the responsible of the Palestinian refugees in the camps
The teaching ………………………..in our school is very kind
To make our country better we should be …………………in work.
Aljazeera Channel usually ……………………… leaders and important chiefs. .
The reporter cant do any interviews without a……………………
The Palestinian people have been fighting for ages to get their ……………
Finish
official-construction –agencies-educational –rights –carry out-freedom-own-
scientific-Friendship – educate - perfect - cultural.
The ……………………………of destroyed buildings in Gaza coast a lot of money
Arabic is one of the six ………………….languages used in the United Nations .
Safety ,freedom, education, health care and social services are some of human………………………….
Great nations could …………………….great work for their country .
We refuse to have another country ,we already have our ………………one . It's Palestine
Schools ,collages and universities are ……………………. Places
Taima is interested in science so she always reads ………….books
UNESCO ,WHO. and UNICIF are some of the UN ……………..
To build a developed and modern country we have to ……………. The people very well .
None is ………………. We all make mistakes but shouldn’t make these t mistakes again .
Rashad Al Shawa and Al Qattan are famous …………………. centers in Gaza city .
………………………..is very important because a friend in need is a friend in deed .
Change into passive :-
1-Plants produce food and oxygen from carbon dioxide and sun light..
…………………………………………………………
2-Hala revises her lessons regularly .
………………………………………………………………
3-The students clean the class every day .
…………………………………………………….
4-The kids broke the window during playing .
……………………………………………………..
5-The government built new houses for the homeless people .
……………………………………………………………………….
6-Yaman has answered the questions correctly
………………………………………………………….
7-Mum cut the vegetables into small pieces to make taboula.
……………………………………………………………………….
8-AlAzher University has educated a lot of dedicated persons .
……………………………………………………………………
9-The workers have finished painting the walls .
…………………………………………………………………
10-I usually tidy up my room in the week end .
……………………………………………………………
Correct the mistake :

1- The clothes have been wash
2- The cake has just baked
3- Over 140 children killed during the war on Gaza by The Israeli rockets
4- A lot of injured people in Al fakhoura school interviewed by the reporters
5- The lessons are explains clearly by the teacher.
6- Healthy food eats by athletes to keep fit
Change into passive :

1-When you phoned , I had washed the dishes .
………………………………………………………….
2-When the meeting was over, the leaders had taken important decisions .
………………………………………………………………………………….
3-When the firemen arrived ,the fire had destroyed big parts of the house .
………………………………………………………………………………….
4-While the farmers were harvesting the wheat ,it rained heavily .
……………………………………………………
5-While I was answering the last question ,the teacher started collecting the exam sheets
………………………………………………………………………………………..
6-While they were having dinner ,a rocket exploded near their house

Correct the mistake :-

1- As soon as the police arrived ,the bank had stolen.
2- Before I left home most of the housework finished .
3- By the end of the meeting, many important decisions had carried out
4- While the food was cooking the kids came
5- When the ambulance arrived , the injured people were giving the first aid.
6- While the project discussing ,the engineers finished the designs.

الوحدة 13
Meaning Word
يبهج Cheer up
يحبط Get down
مكتئب depressed
يعمل بشكل جيد Do well
يعمل بشكل سئ Did badly
يستمر keep
مبتهج Cheerful

لماذا How come
مزاج mood
محبط I'm down
انتباه attention
يتجاهل ignore
يصرخ scream
يهرب Run away
مثير dramatic
على الرغم من Even though
اناني selfish
سلبي negative
ايجابي positive


Agreeing
الموافقة

هناك نوعين من الموافقة اما ايجابية او سلبية

الموافقة الايجابية نستخدم فيها ( too / so ) الجملة لا يكون فيها نفي
مثال
شخص قال
I am tied
أنا متعب
نلاحظ في الجملة وجود فعل مساعد وهو am
عند الموافقة ب too
تصبح الإجابة
I am too
عند الموافقة ب so
تصبح الإجابة
So am I

ملاحظة / نلاحظ ان too جاءت في أخر الجملة أما so في بداية الجملة مع تبديل الفاعل والفعل المساعد

مثال 2
شخص قال
I like apples
أنا أحب التفاح
نلاحظ عدم وجود فعل مساعد هنا نستخدم فعل مساعد ( do / does / did ) سوف نستخدم do لان الفعل مضارع بدون s
عند الموافقة ب too
تصبح الإجابة
I do too
عند الموافقة ب so
تصبح الإجابة
So do I

الموافقة السلبية نستخدم فيها ( either / neither ) الجملة يكون فيها نفي
Either في نهاية الجملة neither في بداية الجملة
شخص قال
I am not tired
أنا ليس متعب
نلاحظ وجود نفي مع وجود فعل مساعد
عند الموافقة
تصبح الإجابة
I am not either
او
Neither am I
نلاحظ حذف النفي مع neither وتبديل الفاعل والفعل

ملاحظة نستطيع ان نستخدم كلمة nor بدلا من neither





Connectors
الروابط
تستخدم لتدل على الدهشة والتناقض * في الغالب تأتي في بداية الجملة
Although he is rich , he is poor
بالرغم من انه غني هو حزين Although
بالرغم من
تستخدم لتدل على الدهشة والتناقض ( أقوي من although ) في الغالب تأتي في بداية الجملة
Even though he always busy with homework , he sometimes finds time to chat
على الرغم من انه دائما مشغول بعمل المدرسة هو يجد وقت للدردشة Even though
بالرغم من ان



Reply with so and neither.
Ahmad has got a car. ( Lamis ) -----------------------------.
Mammals are warm-blooded. ( birds)-------------------------
I don’t like football, ( I ) ------------------------------------
Earth is a planet in the solar system. ( Venus )---------------------------------
The boys didn’t make any mistakes in the exam. ( the girls )-------------------------
British speak English. ( Americans )----------------------------------
Sami couldn’t climb the mountain. (Ayman)----------------------------------
We are ready for help. (I )-----------------------------------------------
My parents won't attend the party. ( my aunt )-----------------------------------
Doctors wear uniform. ( Policemen ) ----------------------------------

Use even though instead of but.

Teaching is a hard job, but I enjoy it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The questions were very complicated, but Hani answered most of them.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
War against Gaza was cruel, but we learned many useful lessons during it.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
I m always busy, but I sometimes find time to chat and relax with my children.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ali is only thirteen years old , but he looks after his whole family.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The garden looks awful now, but it will look lovely in two months time.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Finish the following sentences with words from the list

How come - depressed – cheerful -do well - do badly mood - cheer - down - get ….down -
keep
My close friend -------------me up when I'm upset
News about wars and catastrophes --------- me -----------
Salwa is ------------because her mother is ill in hospital
I hope all of you ------------ in the final exams
the test was very hard , so most students --------
We should ------------ our school clean
----------- could you win all the matches? By training hard
Lubna is a ----------- person. She keeps smiling all the time.
I won't talk with her now. She seems to be in a bad ------------
When I'm ----------, I prefer to be alone.

Finish the following sentences with words from the list

positive - ignore - attention - selfish - run away - screamed - - even though – negative- dramatic

I always draw my children's ------------ to the importance of time.
You shouldn't -----------your parents' advice.
When little Sami saw the dog, he --------- with horror.
The police couldn’t arrest the thief because he had ----------before they came.
There is no need to be so ---------- about everything.
------------ Mrs. Kamal has a lot of medical care, she is still ill.
We should think about other people's needs and wishes and we shouldn’t be ----------------.
Our reactions towards problems should be -----------not -------------


Odd one out
happy cheerful pleased sad
glad unhappy upset depressed
even though but because however
positive negative selfish careless
sons daughters friends parents
cry scream laugh shout
الوحدة 14



Meaning Word
ياخذ رسالة Take ( a message )
على اتصال In touch
احترامات تقدير regards
على اتصال/ على الخط On the line
لحظة فقط Just a minute
العاب نارية firework
يتطلع بشوق الى Looking forward to
مدة طويلة ages
اخيرا At last
نصف الطريق Half - way
يتعود Getting used to
يضئ Light up
الحنين للوطن homesick
يشعر بالحب Felt like
وقخ rude
لا يبالي Don’t mind


Reported speech
الكلام المنقول


* الكلام المنقول يذكر نص الكلمات الفعلية التي يقولها المتكلم

يجب عليك ان تتعرف على جميع الضمائر وكيفية تحويلها
الضمير يحل محل الاسم a pronoun replaces a noun ، وتختلف الضمائر بأشكالها و استخداماتها على النحو التالي:
Reflexive pronouns
ضمائر الانعكاس Possessive pronouns
ضمائر الملكية Possessive adjectives
صفات الملكية Object pronouns
ضمائر المفعول به Subject pronouns
ضمائر الفاعل
myself
yourself
himself
herself
itself
ourselves
yourselves
themselves mine
yours
his
hers
its
ours
yours
theirs my
your
his
her
its
our
your
their me
you
him
her
it
us
you
them I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they


Examples:
I go to school everyday.
انا اذهب الى المدرسة كل يوم
This is my book.
هذا كتابي
This book is mine
هذا الكتاب لي ( ملكي )
Give me the book.
احضر لي الكتاب
The boys hurt themselves
الاولاد جرحوا انفسهم




أولا : الجمل الخبرية

** نقل خبر في المضارع :

* عندما يكون فعل القول ( tell - say ) في المضارع ، لا يتغير زمن

الفعل في الكلام المباشر عند تحويله إلي غير مباشر . ولكن تتغير الضمائر

Huda : I like spring .
هدى : انا احب الربيع
عند التحول
Huda says she likes spring
خطوات الحل
نضع الاسم او الضمير الصادر عنه الخبر
نضع says او tells
نحول I الى she لان الاسم الصادر عنه الخبر مؤنث مفرد اما اذا كان مذكر مفرد يحول الى he واذا كان we يحول الى they
نضع للفعل like " s " لان ما قبله مفرد
نكتب باقي الجملة كما هى

مثال 2
Ahmad and Ali : we play football
Ahmad and Ali say they play football
نلاحظ ان say بدون s لان ما قبلها جمع وكذلك الفعل play

لاحظ الجملة
Could you bring me some water" .Ahmad wants"
هل لك أن تحضر لي بعض الماء
عند التحويل نضع في بداية الجملة wants……to
Ahmad wants me to bring him some water.
احمد يريدني أن احضر له بعض الماء

خطوات الحل
* نضع الاسم أو الضمير الصادر عنه الطلب
* نضع want / ask
* نضع الاسم أو الضمير الموجه له الطلب
* نضع to
* نضع الفعل كما هو
* نحول الضمير إلى جميل مفعول به حسب الاسم الصادر عنه الطلب


تحويل السؤال

هناك نوعين من الاسئلة

سؤال yes / no
لاحظ السؤال
Ahmad asks me : Are you Palestinian
احمد يسالني هل انت فلسطيني
Ahmad asks me if I am palestininan

احمد يسالني اذا انا فلسطيني
خطوات الحل
نضع الاسم او الضمير الصادر عنه السؤال
نضع كلمات السؤال askes – wants to know – woders
نضع الاسم او الضمير الموجه له السؤال
نضع كلمة if
نبدا بالضمير التابع للمجه له السؤال
نضع الفعل المساعد الذي يأتي مع الضمير
باقي الجملة كما هى

سؤال wh
Ali asks me : where are you from
على يسالني من اين انت
Ali askes me : where I am from

خطوات الحل
نضع الاسم او الضمير الصادر عنه السؤال
نضع كلمات السؤال askes – wants to know – woders
نضع الاسم او الضمير الموجه له السؤال
نضع اداة السؤال كما هى
نبدا بالضمير التابع للمجه له السؤال
نضع الفعل المساعد الذي يأتي مع الضمير
باقي الجملة كما هى

Verbs + to / + ing
الأفعال التي تأخذ ing والأفعال التي تأخذ to

الأفعال تأخذ to او ing الأفعال يأتي بعدها الفعل معه ing الأفعال يأتي بعدها to
يبدأ Start يقلع Give up يريد want
يبدأ Begin يتفادى Avoid يوافق Agree
لايتحمل Can't bear يفكر/يهتم/يعتبر consider يسأل ask
يستمر continue يؤجل Delay يختار Choose
يكره hate يستمتع Enjoy يقرر Decide
ينوي Intend يود Feel like يتوقع Expect
يحب like ينتهي Finish يأمل hope
يحب love يبالي mind يوعد Promise
يفضل prefer يمارس practice يبدو seem
يقترح Suggest يكره I'd hate
يحب like يحب I'd like
يحب love يفضل I'd prefer
يكره hate يحب I'd love

مثال على الثلاث مجموعات

I want _____ ( play ) football
نلاحظ هنا أن الفعل السابق للفراغ هو want وهو من المجموعة الأولى to إذن تصبح الإجابة to play
I enjoy_____ ( play ) football
نلاحظ أن الفعل السابق للفراغ هو enjoy وهو من المجموعة الثانية ing إذن تصبح الإجابة playing
I start _____ ( play ) football
نلاحظ إن الفعل السابق للفراغ هو start وهو من المجموعة الثالثة to / ing اى لها إجابتين playing / to play

Change into reported speech :-

1- Sameh says , " I hope to be a doctor" .
…………………………………………………………………………..
2- Mum says , " My daughter always helps me"
……………………………………………………………………………………
3- Ayman says, " Could you explain this point for me , Samy ?
………………………………………………………………………………….
4- Nour says, "Could you play quietly kids ?"
…………………………………………………………………………………………
5- Raida says, " Would you attend my birthday party ?"
…………………………………………………………………………………..
6- Ahmed says, " What about playing football after school Osman ?"
……………………………………………………………………………….
7- Teacher says, " Choose two questions and answer them quickly ."
…………………………………………………….
8- Mum says, " Wash the vegetables and cut them into small pieces Lamees"
……………………………………………………………………………..
Change into reported speech :

1- Ola says , “ Are you interested in documentaries Salma ?”
…………………………………………………………………
2- Ali says , ”Do you usually go to the library to read books ?”
…………………………………………………………………………..
3- Lubna says , “Can your mum make chocolate cake ?”
………………………………………………………………….
4- Rana says , “Does a plant produce food and oxygen ?”
…………………………………………………………………………………
5- Nadia says, " Why you are so upset Amal ?"
……………………………………………………………………………….
6- Sameh says, " How do payers win at football ?
……………………………………………………………………….
7- Hanan says, " When does summer holiday start ?"
………………………………………………………………….
8- Najwa says, " Where are you going to go next Friday ?"

Correct the mistake :-
1- I enjoy take to my friends on phone . (……………………..)
2- They love watched cartoon films . (……………………..)
3- Shaimaa doesn’t mind help me in my homework (……………………..)
4- Honest people hate tell lies (……………………..)
5- I really want improve my marks in the exams . (……………………..)
6- I'd like have a cup of tea . (……………………..)
7- I'd love going with you to the community meeting. (……………………..)
8- Leaders work hard to avoid kill more people in wars. (……………………..)
9- Although she's young she could manage look after kids . (……………………..)
10 I miss spend nice times with my old friends . (……………………..)
Finish :-
rude -mind –next door –speaker –homesick –ages –at last – half –fireworks –light up

The people who live ……………….are very kind .
If you leave you're lovely homeland for along time you will feel ……………….
I miss my friend so much I haven’t seen her for ………………….
Please change to the ……………….phone and lets talk and listen together .

I've waited for her for three hours ……………. She came .
Deir EL Balah is about ………a way between Gaza and Rafah .
I really want to get the first class so I …………….studying for long hours .
It's very ……………to interrupt people while they are talking .
Could you…………………the room please its too dark
10 Playing with …………….sometimes causes serious injuries .

Finish :
Regards –in touch –looking forward – getting used – gardener–belong –councilors-

1- UNRWA ,UNISCO and WHO are international agencies ………..to the UN
2- A person who works in gardens and look after plants is a……………………
3- I always send you my best ……………………
4- During the holiday my friends and I always keep ……………………… .
5- Tamara is …………………to finishing school and join the university . .
6- Under the siege people in Gaza are …………..to cook on fire and using candles for lightening .
7- People usually choose the …………….to help them to improve their lives .

Meaning Word
صناعي artificial
ماذا للتعجب What !
يجري عملية operated
قادر able
الم In pain
يستعيد وعيه recover
لفترة طويلة For along
يتوقع expect
دهشة surprise

تطور development
يتضمن include
عجز disability
مستحيل impossible
ألاعبين الرياضيين athletes
سليم الجسم Able bodies
يتصل connect
عضو الكتروني bionic

Correct the mistake

1- My father said he is tired.
2- Ali said that he has a lot of homework.
3- The teacher asked us to not be noisy.
4- I asked him where did he live.
5- The doctor said the patient to take medicine on time.
6- He wanted to know what does my father do .
7- Mother asked us if were we ready to help her.
8- Salim told that he was interested in music.
9- We told the teacher to explain the lesson again.
10- Amal asked Hana if she will go to the park with her.

Finish : what! – surprise – expect – artificial – able – operate – in pain – for long – recover

I prefer natural flowers than ----------- ones.
----------- a beautiful garden! It contains a wonderful collection of flowers.
The surgeon (الجراح) is going to ----------- on her in the morning
Waleed was --------------- to walk before he was one year old.
Ali was ----------- from his broken leg.
I hope you ------------ soon.
Abu Hassan has been in hospital -------------- - nearly three months.
I ---------- that it will rain this afternoon. The weather is very cold and the sky is full of clouds.
What a nice --------------. I'm very glad to see you again.

Finish : athlete – connect – able-bodied – disability – impossible – bionic – development – include

We should work together for the --------------------- of our country.
Your composition about global warming should ---------------- the reasons and types of pollution.
Salim needs special care because of his ------------------------
Its ------------------ to live without water.
Ahmed was the first ------------- in the race as he ran the fastest
---------------- persons live a healthy and happy life
The internet ------------------- millions of computers all over the world.
---------------- body parts are artificial parts that seem natural.

Write one word instead of the following

(------------) not natural but made to seem like natural things.
(------------) to become well again after being ill .
(------------) Progress/improvements.
(------------) artificial body parts used by disabled people.
(------------) something that you didn’t expect.
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
طارق المبحوح
طالب جديد
طالب جديد


عدد المساهمات: 4
تاريخ التسجيل: 25/05/2010

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: هام جدا كل قواعد الانجليزي   الثلاثاء مايو 25, 2010 1:52 am

مشكوررر كتير
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
dalia
طالب جديد
طالب جديد


عدد المساهمات: 5
تاريخ التسجيل: 25/06/2010

مُساهمةموضوع: رد: هام جدا كل قواعد الانجليزي   السبت يونيو 26, 2010 10:52 am

شكرا على مجهودك
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 

هام جدا كل قواعد الانجليزي

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1

 مواضيع مماثلة

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